ERIC Number: ED425786
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Integration of Academic and Occupational Education in Community/Technical Colleges. ERIC Digest.
Brewer, Jerrilyn A.
This digest discusses the rationale for integrating academic and occupational education. It describes models for, and barriers to, integration, and offers suggestions for advancing integration efforts. Integration of academic and occupational education reinforces the shifting paradigm from teaching to learning and requires that students become active participants in the construction of their own knowledge. It also expands occupational education to include civic goals, helps meet the civic needs of the community, and prepares students to work in technologically oriented workplaces. The digest briefly discusses the experiences of five community colleges and technical schools that have implemented some or all of the following approaches to integration: (1) general education requirements; (2) applied academics courses; (3) cross-curricular incorporation of academic skills in occupational programs; (4) incorporating academic modules in expanded occupational courses; (5) multidisciplinary courses combining academic perspectives and occupational concerns; (6) tandem and cluster courses and learning communities; (7) colleges-within-colleges; and (8) remediation and English-as-a-second language programs with an occupational focus. Listed are possible barriers to integration and ways in which administrators can facilitate the integration process. (Contains 13 references.) (SL)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Community Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.