ERIC Number: ED425585
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
How Many Americans Have a Disability? Disability Statistics Abstract Number 5.
LaPlante, Mitchell P.
This statistical abstract focuses on how many Americans have a disability. It begins by defining "disability" according to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Data are presented from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) that provide the number of Americans with disabilities most consistent with the ADA definition. Graphs are provided for the following information: (1) activity limitation by age and gender; (2) prevalence of impairments causing activity limitation in the United States in 1990; and (3) the number of people with disabilities in the United States in 1990 by residence. The information indicates that in 1990 there were 22.9 million people of all ages living in households that were limited in a major activity. An additional l1.9 million people are estimated to have "nonmajor" activity limitations. According to NHIS data, the three disabling impairments that rank at the top in prevalence are orthopedic impairments, arthritis, and heart disease. Finally, data from the 1990 Census indicate that 2.3 million residents of institutions could be considered to have a disability. (CR)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., San Francisco. Inst. for Health and Aging.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Health Interview Survey