ERIC Number: ED425565
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Aug
Unrealized Potential: Differing Employment Outcomes for Individuals with Mental Retardation and Other Disability Groups.
Fesko, Sheila Lynch; Temelini, David; Graham, Audrey
This brief discusses outcomes of a study that investigated the employment and job search practices used with individuals with mental retardation to those used with individuals with mental illness, sensory impairments, and physical impairments. Survey participants included 568 employment staff and 303 individuals with disabilities from community rehabilitation providers, independent living centers, and state vocational rehabilitation agencies. Findings indicate: (1) individuals with mental retardation were less actively involved in their job search than individuals with other disabilities; (2) staff used more individualized job search strategies such as job restructuring, job matching, and job accommodations for individuals with mental retardation; (3) more traditional job search strategies such as offering subminimum wage and having the employee on the agency payroll instead of the employer's were used more frequently with individuals with mental retardation than other disabilities; (4) personal and professional networks to develop job leads were used less frequently with individuals with mental retardation; (5) individuals with mental retardation obtained jobs predominately in food service, manufacturing, maintenance, and retail; (6) the mean income for individuals with mental retardation was $4.87 an hour; and (7) individuals with mental retardation indicated higher levels of job satisfaction than those with other disabilities. (CR)
Descriptors: Adults, Employment Patterns, Employment Services, Employment Statistics, Job Placement, Job Satisfaction, Job Search Methods, Mental Retardation, National Surveys, Program Effectiveness, Self Management, Social Networks, Vocational Rehabilitation, Wages
Institute for Community Inclusion/UAP, Developmental Evaluation Center, Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave., Boston, MA 02115; Tel: 617-355-6271; TTY: 617-355-6956; Web site: http://www.childrenshospital.org/ici
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration on Developmental Disabilities (DHHS), Washington, DC.; National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Children's Hospital, Boston, MA. Inst. for Community Inclusion.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A