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ERIC Number: ED425512
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Pages: 42
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Opening Classrooms and Improving Schools: Lessons from Inspection Systems in England.
Grubb, W. Norton
This paper provides an overview of inspections in England's schools. The paper describes four approaches to inspection: inspection in the pre-1993 days; the current inspection system in elementary-secondary education; inspections initiated by the schools themselves; and inspection in further-education colleges, which are similar to community colleges in the United States. Inspection began in England in 1839 and relied on classroom observation instead of questionnaires. Teachers viewed the system as beneficial, a sentiment that changed when inspections were altered in 1993. The bulk of the paper describes this change and the creation of the Office for Standards in Education (OFSTED), which codified evaluation criteria. An overview of the conduct of inspection with OFSTED, the truncation of information and expertise, the effects of inspection, the focus of inspection, and the inspection teams and its members' role strain are described. The tension with OFSTED led many schools to create individual inspection systems, which are briefly described. Further-education colleges also evolved a different kind of inspection system, one that values feedback for instructors. The text concludes with suggestions for implementing inspections in the United States. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England); United States