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ERIC Number: ED425483
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr-3
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Service Learning and the Development of Social Responsibility.
Johnson, Scott D.; Bozeman, Marci
This essay presents the findings of a study employing a developmental approach to student acquisition of social responsibility. Professors at seven collegiate institutions of differing types who teach service-learning courses were asked if they would be willing to include their students in a study of social responsibility development through service learning. Four professors at three institutions were included after certain criteria were met; the final sample was of 56 students, 25 who participated in service-learning projects and 31 who did not (the control group). A new measure, the "Scale of Social Responsibility Development (SSRD) was chosen as the instrument for this study. Significant differences were found between pretest and posttest performance on all three scales for those who completed service-learning projects, and only on the "Activation" scale for the non-service-learning students. In addition, a significant difference was found on the added "Involvement" (combining "Realization" and "Activation" items) scale for service-learning students but not for non-service-learning students. The mean increase from pretest to posttest was dramatic for service-learning students on this combined scale, while it was relatively flat for non-service-learning students. Subject responses did not follow the projected phases, and the SSRD did not yield three clearly distinct scales with these participants, so it is not possible to determine if there was a phasic development of social responsibility. However, since those participants who engaged in a service-learning project showed a significant overall increase on the "Realization" and "Activation" scales, tentative support indicates that service learning does appear to increase social responsibility--at least on a short-term basis. (Contains 4 tables of data and 20 references.) (NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A