ERIC Number: ED425387
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Aug
A Comparison of Positive Outcome Expectancies: A Review of the Theories of M. F. Scheier, C. S. Carver, M. E. P. Seligman, and C. R. Snyder.
Bird, William A.
Research has shown that optimistic and pessimistic outcome expectancy evaluations are associated with adaptive and maladaptive levels of psychological functioning, physical wellness, and health recovery issues. The research of M. F. Scheier, C. S. Carver, M. E. P. Seligman, and C. R. Snyder supports the hypothesis that elevated optimism or optimistic cognitive sets will correlate with motivation, action, perseverance, and enhanced probabilities of goal acquisition, as well as behavioral engagement, lowered depressive symptomology, and improved and sustained health, whereas lower outcome expectancies will correlate with disengagement, demotivation, lowered performance, passivity, elevated depression, and diminished health recovery rates. The research reviewed not only has important implications for adaptive psychological functioning: it also extends empirical support for the mind-body connection. (Author)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Doctoral Research Paper, Biola University, La Mirada, CA.