ERIC Number: ED425383
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Protective Factors for Children of Alcoholics: Parenting, Family Environment, Child Personality, and Contextual Supports.
Jordan, Lisa C.; Chassin, Laurie
The purposes of this study were to identify factors that would ameliorate the risk for substance abuse problems among children of alcoholics (COA), and to explore mechanisms of protection, particularly the Stress-Buffering model. Protective factors for children of alcoholics were examined in a controlled study (N=386). Three possible models are reviewed. Logistic regression was used to predict alcohol and drug dependence diagnoses based on COA status, demographics, family background, parental psychiatric status, and moderators in three domains: parenting/family environment, child personality, and contextual supports. Results show that COA status, male gender, early substance involvement, and living in a single-parent home all significantly increased the odds of being diagnosed with alcohol or drug abuse or dependence in young adulthood, with COA status being the strongest predictor. In addition, family environment, child self-esteem, active coping, maternal social support to child, and positive activity involvement all moderated the effects of COA status. However, these factors generally exhibited a stronger influence on substance abuse/dependence among controls. Implications of findings are discussed. COAs are more likely to become substance abusers themselves and to exhibit a range of other maladaptive outcomes. (EMK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHEW/PHS), Rockville, MD.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A