ERIC Number: ED425379
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Aug
Identifying the Pains and Problems of Shyness: A Content Analysis.
Carducci, Bernardo J.; Ragains, Kristen D.; Kee, Kathy L.; Johnson, Michael R.; Duncan, Heather R.
Contemporary literature on shyness has made steady progression over the last 20 years in theoretical, methodological, and clinical sophistication; however, little research has investigated how shyness is experienced by shy individuals. The purpose of the present study was to gain a more in-depth understanding of shyness as experienced by shy individuals. The extended written comments of shy individuals regarding problems caused by their shyness were subjected to content analysis. Participants (N=154) were randomly selected from more than 800 individuals completing a shyness survey, which appeared in the November/December 1995 issue of "Psychology Today." Respondents answered the question: "Describe what problems your shyness has created for you in your personal, social, and/or professional life." Responses were read and categorized by four raters. Data is presented in a table summarizing frequency of self-reported problem areas. A content analysis revealed five major shyness problem areas, including eight subcategories: (1) interpersonal (casual, social, and intimate); (2) professional (intrapersonal, interpersonal, and problems with authority); (3) intrapersonal (affective and psychosomatic); (4) educational; and (5) other. Discussions of the use of self-selected strategies to overcome shyness and the treatment implications of the results are also presented. (EMK)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (106th, San Francisco, CA, August 14-18, 1998).