ERIC Number: ED425339
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Adult Education and Welfare to Work Initiatives: A Review of Research, Practice and Policy. Literacy Leader Fellowship Program Reports, Volume III, Number 1.
Literacy Leader Fellowship Program Reports, v3 n1 Aug 1997
This review attempts to clarify adult education's role in moving individuals from welfare to work. Part 1 reviews research on this role, job prospects for low-skilled workers, and literacy requirements of workplaces. Part 1 reports these findings: the likelihood of being on welfare goes up as literacy goes down; a labor force attachment approach produces larger earnings gains and welfare savings than a human capital investment approach; adult education programs cannot provide evidence of effectiveness in helping adults achieve higher literacy; and states must develop educational and labor market opportunities that sustain and reward lifelong learning to support public assistance recipients in finding permanent employment at wages that can sustain families. Part 2 features models of program practice and discusses collaboration between adult education providers and agencies administering welfare reform and finds diversity and innovation in addressing the multiple needs of different groups within the public assistance population are important; if the goal is self sufficiency and personal success, investments are costly and long term and require education tailored to participants' goals and needs; if the goal is welfare budget savings, cheaper, short-term programs resulting in employment but no change in participants' lives are sufficient; and support staff and services should be added to accommodate welfare recipients who need literacy instruction. Part 3 makes program level, policy, support services, job creation, and research recommendations. A glossary of acronyms is appended. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Programs, Agency Role, Demonstration Programs, Economically Disadvantaged, Job Training, Literacy Education, Literature Reviews, Program Effectiveness, Role of Education, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
ED Pubs, P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398; Tel: 877-433-7827 (Toll Free); Web site: http://www.nifl.gov/susanc/inthome.htm
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. for Literacy, Washington, DC.