ERIC Number: ED425303
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Breaking the Long Hours Culture.
Kodz, J.; Kersley, B.; Strebler, M. T.; O'Regan, S.
Case studies of 12 leading British employers were driven by employers' interest in issues related to working long hours in light of introduction of the Working Time Directive, a European Community initiative enacted into British law that sets limits on working hours per week. Data showed over one-fourth of full-time employees worked over 48 hours per week; men were more likely to work longer hours; and women's hours were increasing. Reasons for working long hours fell into four broad categories: workload, a long hours culture, individual commitment to the job, and need to improve pay. Consequences were increased sickness absence, low morale, and high turnover; lower productivity and quality of work outputs; greater health and safety risks; adverse impacts on family and social life; and reduced employment opportunities for those unable or unwilling to work long hours. The few successful interventions to ameliorate consequences were aimed at changing work patterns and changing individual behavior and company culture. Key elements were early consultation with staff and managers; solutions tackling underlying issues; and implementation that includes commitment and sponsorship for change from the very top, a change agent, the bringing of key people on board, communication and publicity, support and counseling, leading by example, a range of initiatives, effective time management, and message reinforcement and maintenance of momentum. Ongoing monitoring and feedback and evaluation were also seen as vital. (Five case studies provide examples of different types of intervention implemented in a range of contexts. The report contains 19 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Developed Nations, Employee Absenteeism, Employment Practices, Foreign Countries, Intervention, Overtime, Personnel Policy, Productivity, Working Hours
Grantham Book Services, Isaac Newton Way, Alma Park Industrial Estate, Grantham NG31 9SD, United Kingdom (19.95 British pounds).
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Sussex Univ., Brighton (England). Inst. for Employment Studies.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom