ERIC Number: ED425263
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Urban After-School Programs: Evaluations and Recommendations. ERIC/CUE Digest, Number 140.
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.
Interest in the quality of after-school programs has been increasing. It is recognized that, in urban and low-income areas, after-school programs are essential to counteract the effects of a number of factors contributing to a student's lack of opportunities and ability to succeed academically. However, information on the types of programs that work best with urban youth has been limited. This digest, updating two 1996 Clearinghouse publications on urban after-school programs, offers a distillation of the findings of the Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed at Risk (CRESPAR), located at Johns Hopkins University and Howard University. To gather information on successful programs, CRESPAR conducted a survey of 34 programs, which could be divided into five general categories. These included language arts, study skills, academic subject programs, tutorial programs, and community-created or community-based programs. Relatively few evaluations of these programs have been conducted, and the studies that have been done have had methodological problems. CRESPAR has identified some solutions to these methodological problems and has determined that many programs are effective as after-school programs, while others that are effective as in-school programs can be adapted easily for use after school. Despite the lack of rigorous evaluations of after-school programs, it is still possible to identify components common to most effective urban programs. Programs what address the academic, recreational, and cultural needs of the student are best. Characteristics of well-designed programs include (1) well-trained staff and volunteers; (2) a solid structure; (3) assessment and program evaluation; (4) inclusion of families in program planning; and (5) an advisory board to help maintain links among the community, families, religious organizations, and the school system. (Contains six references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: After School Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrichment Activities, Extracurricular Activities, High Risk Students, Low Income Groups, Parent Participation, Poverty, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Research Methodology, School Recreational Programs, Urban Schools, Urban Youth
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Institute for Urban and Minority Education, Teachers College, Box 40, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.