ERIC Number: ED425239
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Least Intervention Needed: Toward Appropriate Inclusion of Students with Special Needs. An Introductory Packet.
California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for Mental Health Schools.
Inclusion is the practice of educating children who have disabilities in classes together with their peers who do not have disabilities. This packet on "least intervention" contains resource materials that help ensure appropriate inclusion. The first section of this packet contains discussions of appropriate inclusion and a description of the approach taken by one school district toward the "least restrictive environment." A second section contains an overview of some basic resources. These include selected references and lists of agencies, organizations, Internet sites, and experts as potential sources of help. A resource aid prepared by the Clearinghouse of the Center for Mental Health in Schools discusses parental consent and due process as safeguards in determining student placement. A section on model programs describes seven programs for assuring appropriate inclusion. Another section describes modules for staff development in inclusion practices that was developed by the Kansas Project for the Utilization of Full Inclusion and downloaded from the Project's Web site. A digest from the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), "Including Students with Disabilities in General Education Classrooms," is presented as an example of the resources available from ERIC. "Inclusion: Some Issues" provides excerpts from a special edition of "Education and Urban Society,"(v27 n4 Aug 1995). A section titled "Using Existing Supports in Inclusive Classrooms and Schools" contains information on natural support categories and strategies" from the article "The Time-Space Continuum: Using Natural Support in Inclusive Classrooms" by Mey Grigal ("Teaching Exceptional Children," n30 p44-51 1998). Also included in this section is an outline of the range of interveners who can play a role in ensuring effective inclusion and a worksheet to identify how available staff can be used to cover basic areas of concern related to schoolwide approaches to inclusion. A final essay, "Beyond Placement in the Least Restrictive Environment: The Concept of Least Intervention Needed and the Need for a Continuum of Community-School Programs/Services" from the Center for Mental Health in Schools, summarizes the issues involved in appropriate inclusion. (SLD)
Publication Type: Collected Works - General; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Washington, DC. Maternal and Child Health Bureau.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for Mental Health Schools.