ERIC Number: ED425108
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Power of Political Cartoons in Teaching History. Occasional Paper.
Heitzmann, William Ray
This essay focuses on the ability of the political cartoon to enhance history instruction. A trend in recent years is for social studies teachers to use these graphics to enhance instruction. Cartoons have the ability to: (1) empower teachers to demonstrate excellence during lessons; (2) prepare students for standardized tests containing cartoon questions; (3) promote critical thinking as in the Bradley Commission's suggestions for developing "History's Habits of the Mind;" (4) develop students' multiple intelligences, especially those of special needs learners; and (5) build lessons that aid students to master standards of governmental or professional curriculum organizations. The article traces the historical development of the political cartoon and provides examples of some of the earliest ones; the contemporary scene is also represented. Suggestions are given for use of research and critical thinking skills in interpreting editorial cartoons. The caricature and symbolism of political cartoons also are explored. An extensive reference section provides additional information and sources for political cartoons. (Contains 37 references, 21 sources of political cartoons and 7 related web sites.) (EH)
Descriptors: Cartoons, Elementary Secondary Education, Figurative Language, History Instruction, Humor, Illustrations, Instructional Materials, Literary Devices, Satire, Social Studies, United States History, Visual Aids, World History
National Council for History Education, 26915 Westwood Road, Suite B-2, Westlake, OH 44145-4657; Tel: 440-835-1776.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council for History Education, Inc., Westlake, OH.