ERIC Number: ED425097
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
The Form of Historical Knowledge and the Adolescent Conception of It. Research Report 80.
This study reports on the historical conceptualization among Finnish 12-13 year-olds who were given a projective task to yield historical thinking. The case study examines expressions the subjects used and which were studied qualitatively, using "chunks of meaning" as units of analysis, in regard to both their meaning- content and their cognitive level. The adolescent expressions in the case represented varying meanings, e.g. causalism as well as intentionalism, which were only partially due to the cognitive level. The study was based on the assumption, appearing in cognitive psychology, that formal concepts in the process of learning may eventually be domain-specific. The concepts constituting the form of historical knowledge were established in theory, through a study of the philosophy of history. "Change" and "cause" were to be the ontological key concepts, and "evidence" and "interpretation" the epistemological key concepts. Due to the nature of historical knowledge, the analysis did not yield stipulative definitions but, instead, dimensions of meaning. (EH)
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Cognitive Development, Concept Formation, Developmental Stages, Epistemology, Foreign Countries, Fundamental Concepts, History Instruction, Knowledge Representation, Learning Processes, Thinking Skills
University of Helsinki, Department of Teacher Education, P.O. Box 38 (Ratakatu 6A), Helsinki 00014, Finland. Helsinki, Finland.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Helsinki Univ., (Finland). Dept. of Teacher Education.
Identifiers - Location: Finland