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ERIC Number: ED425096
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Pages: 98
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Specificity and the Attrition Process in Education.
Stine, Deborah E.
This paper explores the question of why some beginning teachers terminate employment in the first 2 years and others do not. The investigation will be conceptually organized around the concepts presented in Becker and Carper's theoretical framework (1956). They identify four elements that beckon and retain individuals in an occupation: (1) occupational titles and associated ideology; (2) commitment to task; (3) commitment to particular organizations or institutional positions; and (4) significance for one's position in a larger society. A fifth related area is kinship responsibilities and family circumstances. The study examines each of these areas as related to beginning teachers and the attrition rate in the first two years. Nursing, social work, and teaching are reviewed and seen to have similarities in social attitudes toward the "semi-professions." Teaching, however, brings stability and the possibility of job-sharing, thus occasionally addressing familial responsibilities of its employees. The "helping" professions seem to exclude many man from its ranks. Rates of retention increase in these three professions when training and support is supplied for beginners in the areas of peer support and mentoring, inservicing to provide a clear definition of roles in the organization and its goals, valuing and positive self-esteem building of individuals, and participation in the decision making of the organization. Contains 38 references. (EH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A