ERIC Number: ED425042
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Industrial Relocation on Displaced Workers: A Case Study of Cortland, NY.
Community Development: Research Briefs & Case Studies, v6 n1 Fall 1998
This report examines a typical case of a small town within a predominantly rural county losing its largest employer of many years. During 1992-95, over 850 workers were laid off in Cortland, New York, as Smith-Corona Corporation transferred its manufacturing operations from Cortland to Tijuana, Mexico. Interviews with laid-off workers, conducted during 1993-96, indicate that the relocation created significant short- and long-term economic and noneconomic losses for workers. Post-layoff assistance included unemployment compensation, severance pay, financial support for attending technical school or college or obtaining a high school equivalency diploma, and job search counseling. Despite this assistance, the majority of workers' new jobs paid them less, with women workers losing a larger percentage of their income. The plant closing also adversely affected noneconomic aspects of workers lives in the form of health problems, family conflicts, and children's behavior problems. These very significant impacts were not compensated by the private sector or the government. The findings are discussed in relation to the negative impacts of globalization on workers and their families, disproportionate losses suffered by women, deficiencies of an education and retraining policy focused outside the workplace, the compounding of layoff impacts by a stagnant or deteriorating rural economy, the patchwork nature of federal programs for dislocated workers, and the need for more comprehensive federal and state policies to assist such workers. (Author/SV)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Agricultural Experiment Station at Cornell Univ.
Authoring Institution: Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY. Community and Rural Development Inst.
Identifiers - Location: New York