ERIC Number: ED424955
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Making Hawai'i's Kids Count. Issue Paper Number 3.
Hawaii Univ., Manoa. Center on the Family.
This issue paper from Hawai'i Kids Count addresses the issue of teen pregnancy and birth rates. The paper notes that teen pregnancy and birth rates are declining both nationally and in Hawaii and describes key risk factors associated with having a baby before age 20: (1) early school failure; (2) early behavioral problems; (3) family dysfunction; and (4) poverty. The paper presents results of studies examining the determinants of teen sexual activity and contraceptive use; pregnancy outcomes; consequences of a teen birth related to school completion, marital status, and need for public assistance. In addition, the paper delineates several programmatic approaches to reduce teen pregnancy rates and identifies basic principles for effective prevention and intervention programs. Effective programs combine positive and negative sanctions to affect behavior, start before puberty, involve males and recognize that many male partners are not teenagers themselves, recognize that varied groups need varied degrees of intervention, and conduct rigorous process and impact evaluations. The paper concludes that the declining birth rate is primarily due to increased contraception use, but that there is also evidence of changed sexual attitudes and behavior among teens. Although there is much disagreement about how to prevent teen pregnancy, the basic principles identified through program evaluation can guide program development. (KB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.
Authoring Institution: Hawaii Univ., Manoa. Center on the Family.
Identifiers - Location: Hawaii