ERIC Number: ED424899
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Nov-25
Adjunct Faculty in the Community College.
Freeland, Regina S.
To meet the needs of ever-increasing enrollments, community colleges are using more part-time, or adjunct, instructors in lieu of full-time faculty. This practice has met with several problems, one of which is the sometimes uneasy relationship between full-time faculty and adjunct faculty. There is also the perception by some critics that employing a large number of part-time faculty undermines the integrity of the two-year college teaching profession. However, not enough research has been done to support this assertion. One survey, involving more than 1500 faculty from 127 community colleges in 41 states, identified similarities and differences in individual professional attitudes between full- and part-time faculty. Results were as follows: (1) part-time faculty showed lower levels of involvement in curriculum, instruction, and scholarship; (2) part-time faculty expressed significantly higher expectations for their students; (3) part-time faculty expressed significantly lower autonomy within their institutions; (4) there was no difference between professional attitudes between the two groups--both were equally committed to teaching and to students; (5) part-time faculty deviated significantly from full-timers in their sense of responsibility. Although the practice of integrating part-time and full-time faculty is currently problematic, it is a necessity for the survival of low-cost community college education. (Contains 16 references.) (EMH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A