ERIC Number: ED424826
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Sep
Higher Education. Tuition Increases and Colleges' Efforts To Contain Costs. Report to the Honorable Charles E. Schumer, House of Representatives.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
This report presents results of a study of college tuition increases and what schools are doing to keep down costs. The study data included the years 1989-90 through 1995-96 and included community colleges and four-year public and private colleges and universities. The study involved use of multiple regression techniques, interviews with school officials and experts on college finance and policy, and a review of published research. Findings indicated that tuition has risen faster (30 percent) at both four- and two-year public institutions than at four-year private schools (17 percent) in the past 5 years, although dollar increases were substantially higher at private institutions. At both four-year public and private schools, the size of tuition increases was statistically related to such financial variables as schools' revenue from grants, contracts, and gifts; changes in government appropriations for public schools; and changes in schools' costs. A variety of cost-cutting strategies were identified, such as eliminating degree programs or academic departments, increasing class size, streamlining administrative operations, and privatizing such operations as bookstores and food service. Five appendices provide additional detail on the study's methodology, findings, and examples of cost-cutting efforts. Also appended are comments from the Department of Education. (DB)
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Cost Containment, Cost Effectiveness, Costs, Educational Finance, Expenditures, Higher Education, Income, Operating Expenses, Private Colleges, Public Colleges, Trend Analysis, Tuition
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 37050, Washington, DC 20013; World Wide Web: http://www.gao.gov (first copy free, additional copies $2).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.