ERIC Number: ED424817
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Two Faculties or One? The Conundrum of Part-Timers in a Bifurcated Work Force. New Pathways: Faculty Career and Employment for the 21st Century Working Paper Series, Inquiry #6.
Gappa, Judith M.; Leslie, David W.
This paper, one in a series about the priorities of the professoriate, traces the rise in the use of part-time faculty and asks whether academic employment has become a dual labor market. Data for the study was derived from the 1993 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty. The research focuses on the effects on part-time faculty and on educational quality of having different employment practices for tenure-track and part-time faculty. The study suggests ways in which colleges and universities can integrate part-timers into the professional community so as to make a commitment to high-quality education. The report examines the rising use of part-time faculty; defines the term dual labor market; discusses whether dual labor market theory fits faculty employment; compares the characteristics of part- and full-time faculty and the working conditions, asking specifically whether such working conditions constitute a dual labor market; examines the differences in employment practices (recruitment, appointments, teaching assignments, support and services, salaries, benefits, job security, and academic status) for part-time faculty and their impact on educational quality; and suggests ways to build a community of part- and full-time faculty that delivers educational quality. (Contains 13 references.) (CH)
Descriptors: Adjunct Faculty, College Faculty, Educational Quality, Employment Patterns, Employment Projections, Faculty College Relationship, Higher Education, Labor Market, Nontenured Faculty, Part Time Employment, Part Time Faculty, Quality of Working Life, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Employment, Work Environment
American Association for Higher Education, One Dupont Circle, Suite 360, Washington, DC 20036-1110; phone: 202-293-6440, ext. 11; fax: 202-293-0073 ($8.50 members, $10 nonmembers; subscription to all 14 papers: $120 members, $140 nonmembers).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC.