ERIC Number: ED424816
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Academic Freedom without Tenure? New Pathways: Faculty Career and Employment for the 21st Century Working Paper Series, Inquiry #5.
Byrne, J. Peter
This paper, one in a series about the priorities of the professoriate, seeks to clarify the relationship between academic freedom and tenure by examining the standards and procedures used by the university to protect academic freedom without a tenure system. The paper considers first the minimum elements necessary to protect academic freedom absent a tenure system; next, it examines whether grievance procedures adequately protect the values of academic freedom, suggesting that additional measures might be necessary to safeguard academic freedom. Sections of the paper discuss the rules and procedures used to protect academic freedom, noting that it is the institution's responsibility to define what it believes constitutes academic freedom and that members of the university community have a vital vested interest in protecting their academic freedom. The paper notes the various structural devices (contracts, evaluations, peer review) which protect academic freedom and examines how well they protect academic freedom absent a tenure system. The paper concludes that colleges and universities that do not maintain tenure systems can adopt procedures that provide legal and practical academic freedom for their faculty, but is concerned that the loss of peer review in faculty evaluation may alter some of the subtle aspects of academic freedom. (Contains 13 references.) (CH)
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, College Environment, College Faculty, Contracts, Educational Environment, Faculty College Relationship, Higher Education, Intellectual Freedom, Legal Responsibility, Nontenured Faculty, Peer Evaluation, Personnel Policy, Professional Autonomy, Teaching Conditions, Tenured Faculty
American Association for Higher Education, One Dupont Circle, Suite 360, Washington, DC 20036-1110; phone: 202-293-6440, ext. 11; fax: 202-293-0073 ($8.50 members, $10 nonmembers; subscription to all 14 papers: $120 members, $140 nonmembers).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: For related documents, see HE 031 666-678.