ERIC Number: ED424802
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Constant Error of the Halo in Educational Outcomes Research. AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.
Pike, Gary R.
This study examined whether halo error--the masking of college gains by general gains in intellectual development--influenced students' ratings of their learning and development during college. A total of 1,084 first-time freshmen at the University of Missouri-Columbia (MU) completed the College Student Experiences Questionnaire (CSEQ) during the winter 1996 semester, and 1,604 seniors completed the MU Senior Survey in the winter 1996 or winter 1997 semesters. It was found that, for freshmen, halo error generally accounted for more than one-half of the explained variance in students' ratings; for seniors, halo error accounted for one-quarter to one-half of the explained variance in ratings. The results indicated that halo error in students' ratings of their learning and development during college affected observed relationships between reports of college experience and gains. For freshmen, a comparison of traditional and halo models revealed that halo error tended to mask differential effects of college experience. Although the results were less pronounced for seniors, the results still indicated a lack of differentiation in traditional models of college effects. Six data tables and two figures are appended. (Contains 48 references.) (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: College Student Experiences Questionnaire