ERIC Number: ED424769
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Pedagogy Matters: Standards for Effective Teaching Practice. Research Report 4.
Dalton, Stephanie Stoll
This paper presents five standards for pedagogy that are applicable across grade levels, student populations, and content areas: joint productive activity; language and literacy development; meaning making; complex thinking; and instructional conversation. These standards emerge from principles and practice that have proven successful with majority and minority at-risk students in a variety of teaching and learning settings over several decades. Indicators are outlined for each standard, which specify action components of the standards and their functions in teaching and learning. Illustrations and examples reflecting the standards and their indicators across a broad range of classroom settings are presented to support a claim of universality for such standards in K-12 majority and minority at-risk students' classrooms. The purpose is to urge standards-based reform to reflect its own recommendation that pedagogy is central to student learning. (Contains 74 references.) (Author/MSE)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Change Strategies, Classroom Communication, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), High Risk Students, Literacy Education, Minority Groups, Second Language Instruction, Second Languages, Skill Development, Thinking Skills
CREDE, Center for Applied Linguistics, 4646 40th Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20016-1859; Tel: 202-362-0700, email@example.com
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on Education, Diversity and Excellence, Santa Cruz, CA.