ERIC Number: ED424718
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
What Can We Learn from State Data Systems about the Cost of Special Education? A Case Study of Ohio.
Chambers, Jay G.; Wolman, Jean M.
Using Ohio as a case study, this paper explores what can be learned from state data systems about spending on special education. The analyses and discussion in this paper use data sets for the 1995-96 school year provided by the Ohio Department of Education. The case study examined factors that need to be considered in measuring special education expenditures, the total educational expenditure provided for special education in Ohio, and the costs of serving regular and special education students with a range of educational needs at the elementary and secondary levels. Results from the study indicate a lower marginal cost associated with special expenditures than had been shown in previous literature with the ratio of special education to general costs in Ohio being about 1.5 to 1. For students with more severe disabilities (those receiving specialized services in self-contained settings for 15 or more hours a week), the ratio is around 2.5. For students with mild learning disabilities, the ratio was 1.14 for elementary students, and 1.57 for high school students. The ratio for students served in segregated settings was 3.09. (Contains 18 references.) (CR)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Data Analysis, Data Collection, Disabilities, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Expenditure per Student, Program Costs, School District Spending, Severity (of Disability), Special Education, Student Placement, Tables (Data)
Web site: http://www.air-dc.org/CSEF hom/papers/Ohio.pdf
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA. Center for Special Education Finance.
Identifiers - Location: Ohio