ERIC Number: ED424645
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Distributed Leadership and Student Engagement in School.
Leithwood, Kenneth; Jantzi, Doris
Leadership may come from many different sources in a school. This paper examines the relative effects of leadership provided by principals, teachers, and those in other roles. A study based on surveys of 2,727 teachers and 9,025 students in 110 elementary and secondary schools (Ontario, Canada) analyzed the effects of "total leadership," including the transformational and transactional forms of leadership. Five questions were addressed: 1) what is the relative influence on the school of leadership that is provided by those in different roles?; 2) how much variation in school conditions and student outcomes is accounted for by teacher leadership as compared with principal leadership?; 3) does the total amount of leadership exercised in a school account for significant variation in school conditions and student outcomes?; 4) does the total amount of transformational leadership exhibited in schools account for significant variation in school conditions and student outcomes?; and 5) which school and classroom conditions mediate the effects of leadership on student outcomes? Results suggest that teacher and principal leadership effects are modest, largely indirect, and account for comparable amounts of variation in student engagement. Findings indicate that both transformational and transactional approaches to leadership account for modest amounts of student engagement. (Contains 90 references and five tables featuring statistical findings.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Diego, CA, April 13-17, 1998).