ERIC Number: ED424556
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Aug
College Students' Ability To Reason about Personally Relevant Issues.
Woll, Stanley B.; Navarrete, Juan B.; Sussmann, Lauren J.; Marcoux, Sara
This study examined college students' ability to reason about everyday issues. Previous studies are reviewed and it is concluded that issues studied in the past were often not truly "everyday." For this study, 30 students responded to 10 issues, including 4 personal and 4 personally relevant political issues. Students circled one of two positions on the issue and were asked to give arguments for the position (pro arguments), followed by arguments against it (con arguments), or vice versa. Responses were coded in three ways: a count of sentences written, a count of different pro and con arguments, and an expert rating for quality of arguments. Results for each comparison are presented, and findings are discussed and related to other research on the topic. Observations from reading students' answers are offered, and future directions for research on informal reasoning are proposed. Experimental questions and sample issues are appended. (Contains 2 figures, 3 tables, and 13 references.) (EMK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention (106th, San Francisco, CA, August 14-18, 1998).