ERIC Number: ED424500
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Perceived Racism and Sexism on Psychological Well Being and the Moderating Effects of Identity Development among African and European American College Students.
Highlen, Pamela S.; Tom, David M.; Ashton, Kathleen R.; Thompson, Kenya I.
The combined and singular effects of racism and sexism on African American females (AAF), males (AAM), and European American females (EAF) are examined with identity development as a moderator of psychological well being. Samples of AAF, AAM, EAF and a control group of European American Males (EAM) completed counterbalanced instruments that measured perceived frequency and effect of racism and sexism; identity development, generic hassles, psychological symptoms, and self-esteem. After partialling out generic hassles, a series of multiple regression analyses tested the relationships among these remaining variables. For AAFs, singular and combined effect and frequency of racism and sexism on psychological symptoms and self-esteem were nonsignificant. For AAMs and EAFs, effect (but not frequency) of racism and sexism, respectively, on psychological symptoms (but not self-esteem) were significant. Identity development as a moderator between racist and sexist events and psychological well being was nonsignificant. Although AAFs reported higher frequency of racist and sexist events, these events were not linked to their psychological well being. AAFs reported the highest number of psychological symptoms, whereas AAMs reported the lowest number. These results, their implications for counseling psychology, and recommendations for future research are discussed. (EMK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A