ERIC Number: ED424422
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
School Enterprises: Combining Vocational Learning with Production. International Project on Technical and Vocational Education (UNEVOC).
Trends in combining learning and production were examined through case studies of school enterprises in 11 countries: China, India, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Germany, Botswana, Kenya, Ghana, Algeria, Cuba, and Costa Rica. The study focused on the following: types and structures of school enterprises; organization of learning; competency profiles, learning outcomes, and learning goals; curricular processes; teaching staff; the regulatory framework of school enterprises; external relations; school enterprises' impact; financial options for school enterprises; and mixes of private and public roles. Even within single countries, school enterprises were assuming diverse forms that tended to fall into three categories: programs emphasizing economic goals; programs emphasizing educational goals; and programs attempting to reach a balance between economic and educational considerations. Many secondary-level school-based programs were incorporating elements from several of the following modes of organizing learning and training: traditional apprenticeships, on-the-job training, and dual vocational training (combining practical training in workshops of private enterprises with training in traditional training centers). The following were among the factors identified as enhancing school enterprises: support from policymakers; institutional-level policies that balance economic, educational, and social goals; diversified financing; incentives; networks; support infrastructure; monitoring system; and high standards of training. (Contains 61 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Curriculum, Education Work Relationship, Educational Objectives, Educational Practices, Educational Principles, Educational Trends, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Outcomes of Education, Private Sector, Public Sector, School Business Relationship, Secondary Education, Teacher Characteristics, Teaching Methods, Trend Analysis, Vocational Education, Vocational Education Teachers
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Berlin (Germany).