ERIC Number: ED424330
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Cost of Juvenile Violence in Pennsylvania. Staff Report to the Task Force To Study the Issues Surrounding Violence as a Public Health Concern.
Pennsylvania Joint State Government Commission, Harrisburg.
To establish the scale of juvenile violence in Pennsylvania, this report examines the incidence of violence by and against juveniles, and then explores the major costs of juvenile violence. Where possible, urban and rural dimensions of the costs of juvenile violence are separated and analyzed. Violence prevention programs are also studied. The report concludes with recommendations by the staff of the Joint State Government Commission for future studies of the incidence and costs of juvenile violence in Pennsylvania. The report does not include data on perpetrator costs of adult crimes committed against juveniles or prevention costs of public school expenditures for security measures. In 1993, an estimated 93,895 violent crimes were committed by juveniles in Pennsylvania, and 94,732 violent crimes were committed against juveniles. A total of 5,133 juveniles were referred to Pennsylvania's Juvenile Justice System for violent crimes, and 678 juveniles were placed in residential or alternative treatment programs. The total monetary cost of juvenile violence in Pennsylvania is estimated to have exceeded $1.1 billion. These costs include direct and indirect expenditures made for victims and perpetrators, as well as expenditures for violence prevention programs. If quality of life is included in the estimates, the total cost rises to more than $5.6 billion. Expenditures for violence prevention in Pennsylvania, which were significant, included amounts spent for statewide, community, and school programs. Appendixes contain a discussion of cost estimation methodologies, supplementary tables, a discussion of risk factors, and a survey of public school violence prevention programs and in-school probation programs. A detailed bibliography is also included. (Contains 28 tables and 80 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania Joint State Government Commission, Harrisburg.
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania