ERIC Number: ED424328
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of a Culturally Appropriate, STD/AIDS Education Intervention on Black Male Adolescents' Sexual and Condom Use Behavior.
DeLamater, John; Wagstaff, David A.; Havens, Kayt Klein
A culturally appropriate, theoretically based videotape was developed in collaboration with local African American producers to promote condom use among 15-to-19-year-old black males seeking treatment at a municipal sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic. The videotape's immediate, short-term (30-day), and long-term (6-month) impacts were compared to those achieved both by a trained, African American health care educator who delivered the same messages during a face-to-face session and by standard care. Participants (N=562) were randomly assigned. Their self-reports were used to assess the impact on: (1) condom use knowledge, self-efficacy, and intentions; (2) sexual and condom use behavior; and (3) perceived risk of an STD infection. At posttest, participants in the two treatment conditions demonstrated greater condom use knowledge. Participants in the health educator condition indicated greater condom use self-efficacy and stronger condom use intentions with steady partners. At 6 months, participants in all conditions reported an increase in the number of sexual partners and number of acts of vaginal intercourse (past month). However, they were twice as likely to report consistent condom use with steady partners (18% versus 53%) and with casual partners (26% versus 50%). Perceived risk of an STD infection was unexpectedly lower at the posttest and continued to decline during the study period. Possible reasons for the pattern of findings are discussed, and recommendations for future research are offered. (Contains 3 tables and 43 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Center for Demography and Ecology.