ERIC Number: ED424169
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
The Impact of Oral History on the Interviewer: A Study of Novice Historians.
This paper reports on field research conducted by students in undergraduate methods courses for secondary social studies in 1996-97. Journal entries, lesson plans, oral history reactions, and interviews were used to gather data. Objectives were: to describe the role of the interviewer in an oral history setting; and to identify and clarify the multiple dimensions of reflection present in the interviewer. Students are seen as going through the complete "circle of life" as described by J. Bruchac's use of the Native American metaphor of the story circle. The key markers of the circle include: (1) child (when we listen to the stories being told); (2) adolescent (when we observe the context in which the stories are revealed); (3) adult (when we remember the stories that were told in our youth); and (4) elder (when we share the stories we have learned). These four markers become the four themes used to describe the data: stage 1--child (where the interview takes place and data is collected; stage 2--adolescent (when the information of the interview is put into various contextual frames; stage 3--adult (when the information is compared with other types of data on the same period); and stage 4--elder (when the information is written up and shared with an audience). The study uses specific interviews to explain each of the stages and shares field notes of the students. (EH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council for the Social Studies (77th, Cincinnati, OH, November 20-23,1997).