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ERIC Number: ED424062
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Choosing Your Style: Approaches to Leading Adventure Therapy Programmes.
Pickard, John
Effective group leadership is not entirely about "good" or "bad" approaches, but rather the ability to choose an appropriate style for a particular situation. This paper examines three paradigms, or world views, that can influence the approach of a leader (facilitator, therapist, teacher) of adventure groups and gives examples of how elements of adventure-based counseling and therapy programs might be influenced by each paradigm. Typical ways of thinking and values are outlined for each of three social paradigms, or perspectives on the world. Positivism embraces linear cause and effect thinking, abstractions, generalized models, and expert solutions. Interpretivism emphasizes the need to understand meaning ascribed to phenomena by others and sees reality as dependent on social interaction and negotiation. The critical perspective holds that conflict is inevitable within social systems because power is unequally distributed. The potential effects of each paradigm on program elements are described and illustrated with regard to the needs of individual participants, group dynamics, the role of the leader, and group status in relation to contextual requirements. Flexibility and the ability to empathize with clients are key features of effective leadership in the adventure therapy field. Methodological diversity is desirable, and working from one world view should not exclude the understanding and use of another. (Contains 12 references.) (SV)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A