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ERIC Number: ED424061
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Learning New Behaviours through Group Adventure Initiative Tasks: A Theoretical Perspective.
Kemp, Travis; McCarron, Leonie
This paper presents a model for implementation of behavior therapies in adventure programs that use Group Adventure Initiative Tasks (GAITs) to promote personal development. Behavior therapies include various techniques and processes based in learning and pedagogical theory and used to promote changes in behavioral responses to environmental situations. In many cases, adventure programs aid the client's experiential and subjective process of self-exploration and development. Since many adventure activities grew out of the fields of outdoor pursuits and outdoor physical education, a conceptual framework for motor skill acquisition may be borrowed and applied to the learning of new behavioral skills. Fitts and Posner's model of stages of motor development illustrates a continuum of skill acquisition from beginner to expert. Characteristics of learner performance and appropriate learning strategies are described for the beginning "cognitive" phase, the intermediate "associative" phase, and the mastery "autonomous" phase. An example illustrates this model's traditional application with regard to motor skill development in kayaking. The model is then applied to development of behavioral skills during GAITs. During an initiative such as "spider's web," each participant in the group progresses toward an individual behavioral objective, supported by encouragement, feedback, and guidance from other group members. GAITs and "adventure growth groups" allow the learner to practice new behavioral skills in a safe and nurturing environment constructed to allow a sequential progression of challenge and mastery. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A