ERIC Number: ED424012
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Jul
Continuity and Discontinuity in Preterm Infants' Early Development.
Kalmar, Magda; Medgyesi, Patricia
This study investigated the following questions: (1) Are newborn individual differences relevant for infant developmental outcomes?; (2) Can any continuity be found between neonatal and infant behavioral characteristics?; (3) Are maternal behavioral styles influenced by the newborn's individual characteristics?; and (4) Do initial maternal interactional styles explain the variations of early infant developmental outcome? The subjects of the study were 24 preterm infants. Data were collected in three waves. The mother-infant dyads were observed in free interaction as soon as the babies could be handled in room air. The Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (BNBAS) was administered at 50- to 52-day post-conceptional ages. At 6 to 8 months corrected ages the infants were assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID). According to the results, perinatal state had limited effects on neonatal behavior. None of the variables from earlier measurement points predicted the developmental level at 6 to 8 months. However, the significant correlations found between BNBAS scores and the BSID behavior ratings suggested that the BNBAS was able to tap individual characteristics of neonatal behavioral organization which had long-term implications. Measures of term-time maternal behavior did not contribute to the prediction. (Contains 33 references.) (Author/EV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for the Study of Behavioural Development (ISSBD) (15th, Berne, Switzerland, July 1-4, 1998).