ERIC Number: ED423977
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Child Care in the Pioneer Partnerships, 1994 and 1996.
Maxwell, Kelly; Bryant, Donna; Bernier, Kathleen
Smart Start is North Carolina's partnership between state government and local leaders, service providers, and families to better serve children under 6 years and their families with the aim of ensuring that all children enter school healthy and prepared to succeed. This study examined child care centers in Smart Start counties, focusing on the services provided, teacher education and training, and quality. Data were gathered in 1994 and 1996 through classroom observations and interviews with child care directors. Included were both partnership-nominated centers involved in local Smart Start child care quality improvement efforts and randomly selected centers to measure overall quality of care in each partnership community and to provide a comparison with the nominated sample. The two samples were not significantly different on any child care variable so results were combined. The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale was completed in one randomly selected preschool classroom at each center. The findings indicated that more child care centers in the pioneer partnerships were providing higher quality care in 1996 compared to 1994. Centers in the 1996 sample were also more likely to employ better educated teachers, provide developmental screenings, and enrolled children with disabilities or from low-income families, suggesting that Smart Start partnerships have improved the quality and quantity of child care services for preschoolers. However, most centers provided average or mediocre quality care. Teacher compensation and turnover rates did not change between 1994 and 1996. (Detailed information regarding child care center characteristics is appended.) (Author/KB)
Descriptors: Change Agents, Comparative Analysis, Day Care, Day Care Centers, Early Childhood Education, Family Programs, Health Services, Integrated Services, Partnerships in Education, Program Evaluation, State Programs, Young Children
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center, 105 Smith Level Road, CB #8180, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-4295; phone: 919-966-3871
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Frank Porter Graham Center.
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina