ERIC Number: ED423972
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Families & the North Carolina Smart Start Initiative.
Lowman, Betsy; Bryant, Donna; Zolotor, Adam
Smart Start is North Carolina's partnership between state government and local leaders, service providers, and families to better serve children under 6 years and their families. This study examined characteristics of families participating in Smart Start, their child care arrangements and family activities, and their need for and use of community services. Participating in interviews were 356 randomly selected families from the first 12 Smart Start partnerships. The major findings indicate that majority of families served are poor or working poor, with the majority of mothers employed. Eighty percent of families had a child in care more than 20 hours weekly. Many low income parents spent more than 10 percent of their income on child care. Children from middle class families were in better health than those in low income families. Low income families used emergency room care three times as often as middle income families. Smart Start families appear to be doing the same kinds of family activities as a national sample of families of preschoolers. Families learned about services most often through word of mouth and the telephone directory. Low income families used more types of community services than middle income families. The findings suggest that the Smart Start program is serving a variety of families, with the primary recipients low income or working poor families. Appended are descriptions of the sampling procedures and explanation of the procedures to identify low family income. (Author/KB)
Descriptors: Change Agents, Client Characteristics (Human Services), Community Services, Early Childhood Education, Family Characteristics, Family Programs, Family (Sociological Unit), Health Services, Integrated Services, Interviews, Partnerships in Education, Program Evaluation, State Programs, Working Poor, Young Children
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center, 105 Smith Level Road, CB #8180, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-8180; phone: 919-966-4295.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Frank Porter Graham Center.
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina