ERIC Number: ED423970
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-May
Reference Count: N/A
Center-Based Child Care in the Pioneer Smart Start Partnerships of North Carolina. UNC Smart Start Evaluation Report.
Maxwell, Kelly; Bryant, Donna; Peisner-Feinberg, Ellen; Buysse, Virginia
Smart Start is North Carolina's partnership between state government and local leaders, service providers, and families to better serve children under 6 years and their families to ensure that all children enter school healthy and prepared to succeed. This study acquired a baseline measure of the quality of child care in the 12 pioneer Smart Start partnerships representing 18 North Carolina counties. In 1994-95, evaluation team members measured the quality of child care centers from Smart Start counties, collecting data through classroom observations, director interviews, and self-assessments of training needs. Additional data will be collected in 1996-97 and compared to baseline data. Findings indicated that 39 percent of the 184 child care centers were licensed at the "AA" level, representing a higher standard of care than the minimal acceptable level of "A." Six percent of centers were accredited through the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC). Only 14 percent of the sample of over 900 teachers had at least a bachelor's degree. The average turnover rate in Smart Start partnerships was 32 percent, well above the 25 national average for child care teachers. Salaries for lead teachers averaged $5.77 an hour in 1995, with many centers not offering benefits. Fees for child care varied widely across centers and counties, with preschoolers' fees ranging from $138 to $550 per month in the Smart Start partnerships. Only 14 percent of the preschool classes provided high quality care, as assessed through on-site observations, suggesting that the quality of child care needs to be improved in North Carolina. (Author/KB)
Descriptors: Change Agents, Day Care, Day Care Centers, Early Childhood Education, Family Programs, Health Services, Integrated Services, Partnerships in Education, Program Evaluation, State Programs, Young Children
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center, 105 Smith Level Road, CB #8180, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-8180; phone: 919-966-3871.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Frank Porter Graham Center.
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina