ERIC Number: ED423955
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
The International Resilience Project: Research and Application.
Grotberg, Edith H.
The International Resilience Project was launched to determine the role of parents, teachers, other adults and children themselves in promoting resilience in children. In this study, 589 children and their families or caregivers participated; most children were 9-11 years old, with children ages birth to 6 years represented also. Subjects reported from Lithuania, Russia, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Brazil, Thailand, Vietnam, Hungary, Taiwan, Namibia, Sudan, Canada, South Africa, and Japan. Subjects responded to situations of adversity or described a personal experience of adversity that involved the target child. Findings indicated that adults promote more resilience than children, and older children promote more resilience than younger children, suggesting that resilience promotion depends more on the behavior of parents and adults for children age 6 and under, while children ages 9-11 do as much to promote their own resilience as adults. The most frequently used resilience factors or features included (external support) trusting relationships, structure and rules at home, and encouragement of autonomy; (internal support) autonomy, sense of being lovable, and locus of control; and (social support) communication and problem solving. These features were distilled into a vocabulary of resilience: "I Have..." (external); "I Am..." (internal); and "I Can..." (social). A guide was subsequently developed to help those working with children and families incorporate resilience into their work. The guide includes age-appropriate activities and examples from research. (JPB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Civitan International, Birmingham, AL.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A