ERIC Number: ED423939
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Aug
Psychosocial Motivations of Hate Crimes Perpetrators: Implications for Educational Intervention.
This paper discusses three aspects of bias crimes against sexual minorities: (1) perpetration rates among young adults; (2) perpetrators' motivations; and (3) factors that prevent some people from committing hate crimes. In an anonymous survey of 484 students at 6 community colleges: one in 10 respondents admitted physical violence or threats against presumed gay men or lesbians, and another 24% reported anti-gay name-calling. Assailants tended to be young men in groups who assaulted largely in response to environmental pressures. In particular, a rigid gender code seemed to encourage physical punishment of gender deviance. Four distinct motivations were found to underlie anti-gay violence: self defense, ideology, thrill seeking, and peer dynamics. These impetuses may also apply in hate crimes against racial and religious minorities and women. Due to the environmentally driven nature of most anti-gay bias crimes, educational campaigns within primary and secondary schools are an essential avenue for prevention. In the absence of positive images of minorities in school curricula, negative stereotypes proliferate. These, in turn, foster both bias crimes in the wider community and a climate of pervasive harassment and violence against students who are perceived as deviant. (Contains five tables.) (EMH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (106th, San Francisco, CA, August 14-18, 1998).