NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED423869
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Feb
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Computer Assisted Automatization of Multiplication Facts Reduces Mathematics Anxiety in Elementary School Children.
Wittman, Timothy K.; Marcinkiewicz, Henryk R.; Hamodey-Douglas, Stacie
Fourth grade elementary school children exhibiting high and low mathematics anxiety were trained on multiplication facts using the Math Builder Program, a computer program designed to bring their performance to the automaticity level. Mathematics anxiety, measured by the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale--Elementary version (MARS-E), was assessed before and after the students demonstrated automaticity level performance on the multiplication facts. Results showed that all of the students automatized the multiplication facts using computer training. Students in the high anxiety group averaged the greatest improvement in performance and were indistinguishable from the low anxiety group by the end of the automaticity training. The high anxiety girls, but not the high anxiety boys, significantly reduced their mathematics anxiety ratings. No significant change in mean anxiety ratings were detected for students in either of the low anxiety or the control groups. Results indicate that both high and low anxiety boys and girls achieved automaticity level performance of multiplication facts using computer assisted training, and training of multiplication facts to the automaticity level resulted in significant reductions of mathematics anxiety ratings. Results support the position that mathematics anxiety may result from a failure to learn or inadequate preparation in the mastery of fundamental skills. Implications of these findings for mathematics instruction and curricula development are discussed. (Contains 32 references.) (Author/AEF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale