ERIC Number: ED423860
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Feb
Effects of Problem-Based, Networked Hypermedia, and Cooperative Strategies on Visual Literacy Instruction.
Shoffner, Mary B.; Dalton, David W.
This study examined the effects of varying instructional strategies on learning in emerging technology-based visual literacy instruction. The study used a completely crossed 2 (organizational strategy) x 2 (delivery strategy) x 2 (management strategy) factorial design, post-test only control group design. Organizational strategies employed included criterion-referenced, objectivist instruction and problem-based, constructivist instruction. Delivery strategies employed included local, computer-based instruction and networked hypermedia-based (World Wide Web) instruction. Management strategies implemented involved participation by individuals as well as cooperative dyads. Undergraduate education students (n=138) were randomly assigned to eight treatment groups and a control group and received self-paced instructional treatments. Learners were assessed on performance (achievement), instructional efficiency, and efficiency of learner strategies employed (process efficiency). Achievement measures for all groups showed significantly higher levels of achievement when compared to the appended control group. Using multivariate and univariate analyses of variance, data were examined to determine what effect varying instructional strategies had on learning. Results indicated no statistically significant differences between any treatment groups. However, some strong data trends were observed. Recommendations for further research are included. (Contains 86 references.) (Author/DLS)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Competency Based Education, Computer Assisted Instruction, Constructivism (Learning), Cooperative Learning, Criterion Referenced Tests, Delivery Systems, Educational Strategies, Efficiency, Factor Analysis, Higher Education, Hypermedia, Individualized Instruction, Instructional Design, Instructional Effectiveness, Learning Strategies, Pacing, Problem Based Learning, Tables (Data), Teaching Methods, Visual Literacy, World Wide Web
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (20th, St. Louis, MO, February 18-22, 1998); see IR 019 040.