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ERIC Number: ED423850
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Feb
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Reflection as a Means of Developing Expertise in Problem Solving, Decision Making, and Complex Thinking of Designers.
Moallem, Mahnaz
This paper focuses on reflection and reflective thinking as a means of developing expertise in instructional designers. The need for the reflective instructional designer is discussed, and reflective thinking is examined from several perspectives, i.e., controlled thinking, tacit knowledge, epistemic assumption, abductive reasoning, willingness to act, and social practice. A reflective thinking model made up of the following five phases is then described: problem recognition; problem clarification; hypothesis or suggestion formation and modification; mental elaboration of suggestions; and actions taken on the basis of the best supported hypothesis/suggestion. Six components explain the nature of reflective thinking: willingness to be thoughtful; willingness to recognize and understand the context in which assumptions and actions are formed; willingness to explore and imagine alternatives; understanding and accepting epistemic assumptions; using abductive inference; and exposure to a variety of interpretive considerations in dialogue with others. Three aspects of reflection identified by the preceding model--self-reconstruction; action-reconstruction; and social-reconstruction--are considered, and strategies for promoting reflective thinking in instructional designers based upon these aspects are offered. A figure illustrating the reflective thinking model is included. (Contains 26 references.) (DLS)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A