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ERIC Number: ED423772
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jul
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Internal/External Frame of Reference in the Self-Concept Development of Higher Education Students.
Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; Lau, Ivy Cheuk-yin
This study examined the internal/external (I/E) frame of reference model of self-concept (Marsh, 1986) with higher education students in Hong Kong (n=274). Structural equation models relating English and math achievement (both requirements for university entrance) to English and math self-concepts replicated the I/E model in that paths leading from prior achievement to subsequent self-concept in matching curriculum domains were positive and statistically significant, indicating a strong external social comparison of students' own competence with the competence of other students in forming their self-concepts; paths from prior achievement to subsequent self-concept in nonmatching domains were negative and statistically significant, indicating a strong internal comparison between students' own competence in different curriculum areas. When the model was tested with Chinese (the students' mother tongue but not a requirement for higher education), paths relating matching curriculum domains were significantly positive as expected, indicating a strong external frame of reference; paths relating nonmatching domains were close to zero, indicating that the internal comparison between subject areas was weak. The study extends previous research by demonstrating that the I/E model is applicable to higher education students, but only when both the verbal and math achievements are salient sources of feedback for the development of self-concept in an academic setting. (Contains 33 references.) (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A