ERIC Number: ED423748
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Academic Credit System in Higher Education: Effectiveness and Relevance in Developing Countries. PHREE Background Paper Series.
This report evaluates the increasing use and adaptations of the academic credit system by developing nations in an attempt to improve quality and cost-effectiveness of their higher education systems. Chapter 1 offers an overview of the credit system and explains how it works in breaking down the curriculum into measurable units that can be accrued in various combinations toward a degree. Chapter 2 analyzes the strengths and weakness of the academic credit system. Strengths are identified as learning effectiveness, added flexibility and responsiveness, and cost effectiveness. Weaknesses noted include fragmentation of knowledge, possible distortions in student motivation, problems with credit transferability, and failure to distinguish certification from true education. Chapter 3 specifically addresses the credit system's applicability to developing countries, noting existing models and the rigid nature of most of these nation's higher education systems. Three examples of how countries have adapted the credit system are offered: Thailand, which chose system-wide implementation; India, which implemented the credit system at the Indian Institutes of Technology; and Senegal, which is experimenting with the system at the University of Dakar. (Contains 40 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.; International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: India; Senegal; Thailand