ERIC Number: ED423633
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Teaching Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Update 1998. ERIC Digest E569.
ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, Reston, VA.
This digest defines attention deficit disorders (ADD), provides the attention span, hyperactivity, and impulsivity criteria for diagnosing ADD, and identifies successful strategies for teachers working with children with ADD. Strategies are provided for: (1) establishing the proper learning environment, including seating students with ADD near the teacher's desk, placing these students up front with their backs to the rest of the class, surrounding students with ADD with good role models, and avoiding distracting stimuli; (2) giving instructions to students with ADD/ADHD, such as maintaining eye contact during verbal instructions, making directions clear, simplifying complex directions, repeating instructions if needed, making certain students comprehend the instructions before beginning the task, and helping students feel comfortable with seeking assistance; (3) giving assignments, including giving out only one task at a time, monitoring frequently, modifying assignments as needed, developing an individualized education program, giving extra time, and making sure knowledge is tested and not attention span; and (4) modifying behavior and enhancing self-esteem by providing supervision and discipline by having pre-established consequences for misbehavior and administering consequences immediately and consistently, and providing encouragement by rewarding more than punishing and praising good behavior and performance. (CR)
Descriptors: Assignments, Attention Deficit Disorders, Attention Span, Behavior Modification, Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques, Clinical Diagnosis, Definitions, Disability Identification, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education, Hyperactivity
ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, Council for Exceptional Children, 1920 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191-1589; Tel: 800-328-0272 (Toll-Free); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.cec.sped.org/ericec.htm.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, Reston, VA.