ERIC Number: ED423421
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Toward the 21st Century: Retrospect, Prospect for American Vocationalism. Information Series No. 373.
The new vocationalism arising out of 1980s educational reforms caused a resurgence of interest in high school vocational education and in the integration of academic and vocational education. The dominant economic motive of the new vocationalism has found expression in the 1990s school-to-work movement. These reform efforts signal the triumph of Dewey's progressive philosophy of education. The forces that have shaped this philosophical transformation include a global economy and the changing nature of skill, work, and jobs. Both secondary and postsecondary educational systems are being challenged by these changes. Although in-company training is increasingly popular, two- and four-year institutions are better suited for the delivery of much-needed training in literacy. Infusing vocational curriculum with academic knowledge can provide the kind of flexibility desired in the modern worker. Possibilities for reconfiguring high school vocational education include the following: (1) detracking of the curriculum; (2)emphasis on standards over subject disciplines; (3) situated cognition; (4) work experience as school; and (5) community service as an important form of work. Postsecondary institutions are advised to focus on the increasing demand for combined literacy and job training, curriculum reform to respond to technological change, and the needs of new clients such as reverse transfer students and hard-to-reach populations. (Contains 141 references) (SK)
Descriptors: Economic Change, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change, Integrated Curriculum, Job Skills, Job Training, Postsecondary Education, Role of Education, Secondary Education, Technological Advancement, Vocational Education
Center on Education and Training for Employment, 1900 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210-1090 (order no. IN 373, $7; quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Policymakers; Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.