ERIC Number: ED423405
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Dec-13
The Role of Social Awareness in the Employment Success of Adolescents with Mild Mental Retardation.
Black, Rhonda S.; Rojewski, Jay W.
The role of social awareness in the employment success of adolescents with mild mental retardation was examined in a two-phase study. In phase 1, a set of social awareness descriptors designed to measure the three components of social awareness--sensitivity, insight, and communication--was developed and validated in a five-stage process. In phase 2, secondary teachers used the descriptors and two measures of employment success to evaluate 125 adolescents with mild mental retardation. The social awareness ratings approximated a normal distribution and were highly interrelated r > .80). Statistically significant differences in social awareness components were found between the students rated higher and lower on work performance. Approximately 13% of the variance in different students' work performance was attributable to the three social awareness components considered. The remaining variance was attributed to other factors such as familiarity with job tasks, physical coordination and health, dependability, work safety, and willingness to complete tasks. It was concluded that the greatest distinction between students rated higher and lower on work performance could be based on awareness of social communication or, in other words, ability to take appropriate action involving clearly communicating with others, solving interpersonal problems, and resolving conflicts. (Contains 41 references) (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Vocational Education Research Association (Las Vegas, NV, December 13, 1997).