ERIC Number: ED423272
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Is There Gender Bias in Student Evaluation of Teaching?
Centra, John A.; Gaubatz, Noreen B.
This study examined gender differences in student evaluation of teaching through two analyses. In the first, female and male student ratings in the same classes were compared for female and male instructors. In the second analysis, ratings by all male students are examined for how they differed for male and female instructors. Data came from 741 college classes each of which had an enrollment of at least 10 female students and 10 male students from 21 colleges and universities. The student evaluation form was the Student Instructional Report II from the Educational Testing Service. Multivariate analysis of variance was used to investigate the mean differences on the dependent variables. In this study, in contrast to past studies, female students gave higher ratings to female instructors than to male instructors on three of eight scales for all disciplines combined, while male students gave male instructors higher ratings only on one scale, course organization and planning. Male and female students did not differ in their rankings of male teachers. For the total sample of classes, when more favorable ratings were given, they were largely by female students to female instructors. Overall, results support the conclusion that gender differences among instructors are related more to their gender-related approaches to teaching than to their overall effectiveness. (Contains 4 tables and 15 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Diego, CA, April 13-17, 1998).