ERIC Number: ED423158
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Gender and Attainment: A Review.
This report covers studies and statistics that provide information about the attainment of Scottish boys and girls by the time they leave school. The report considers their performance in public examinations, differences in attainment between boys and girls in primary and earlier secondary school, and differential staying on rates and uptake of opportunities in further and higher education with particular reference to Scotland from 1985-95. The review concerns equality of outcome in terms of groups performance in examinations but also addresses issues of equity and factors contributing to gender differences in outcomes. These factors include equality of formal and actual access to educational resources and opportunities and experiences that promote educational achievement. The suggestions for action which conclude the report concentrate on monitoring the effects of policies and practices on the attainment of boys and girls. The report is divided into three sections with 15 chapters. Section 1, "The Relative Performance of Boys and Girls in Public Examinations," includes: (1) "Introduction and Context"; (2) "Entry and Performance in Standard Grade and GCSE"; (3) "Staying on Rates and Higher Grade Entrants"; (4) "Results at Higher Grade and Advanced Level"; (5) "School Leaving Age and Qualifications"; (6) "Entrants to Further Education (FE) and Higher Education (HE)"; (7) "Gender and Performance at School"; and (8) "Gender and Achievement in the UK and Other Countries." Section 2, "Explanations of Gender Differences," contains: (1) "Assessment Issues"; (2)"Biological Explanations"; and (3) "Environmental Theories." Section 3, "Continuing Issues of Concern in Relation to Gender and Attainment," offers: (1) "Context for the Future"; (2) "Monitoring Policies, Practices and Outcomes"; (3) "Factors Which Contribute to Gender Differences in Attainment"; and (4) "Summary of Topics for Action and Inquiry." (EH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Access to Education, Comparative Education, Educational Attainment, Educational Status Comparison, Elementary Secondary Education, Females, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Multicultural Education, Sex Discrimination, Womens Education, Womens Studies
Scottish Council for Research in Education, 15 St. John Street, Edinburgh, EH8 8JR Scotland.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Scottish Council for Research in Education, Edinburgh.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Scotland)