ERIC Number: ED423105
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Kentucky River Area Development District (KRADD): Historic Trends and Geographic Patterns.
Collins, Timothy; Eller, Ronald D.; Taul, Glen Edward
Lying within the Cumberland Plateau of Appalachia, the Kentucky River Area Development District (KRADD) comprises eight rural Kentucky counties: Breathitt, Knott, Lee, Leslie, Letcher, Owsley, Perry, and Wolfe. This report reviews regional history of economic development and examines socioeconomic indicators, including education, poverty, and the condition of children. Part 1 discusses settlement; early development patterns in agriculture and natural resource extraction; industrialization, 1861-1920 (expansion of coal mining and timber industries, population growth and change); and the Great Depression and beyond (declines in employment, increased outmigration, development schemes of the 1960s). Part 2 provides details for KRADD and for each county on population trends since 1970, population by age groups (including those over 65 and under 18), employment (overall and for major sectors), unemployment, labor force participation, wages and income, poverty rates, children in poverty, welfare recipients, high school graduates, and persons with associate degrees. The conclusion rates economic distress in KRADD census tracts; discusses the failure of KRADD's "growth center" development strategy to benefit outlying areas; and points out the challenges facing the region to counter historical forces that have led to outmigration, low-skill and low-wage jobs, high poverty rates, and low levels of education. Part 3 lists 64 community organizations serving KRADD. Appendices summarize population and income facts about Kentucky and KRADD counties, and provide data on the well-being of children in each county. (Contains 50 references and many data tables and figures. Of particular relevance to education are map 10: "persons without high school diploma by census tract, 1990", map 11: "persons with associate degrees by census tract" (p. 34-35). (SV)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kentucky Univ., Lexington. Appalachian Center.
Identifiers - Location: Kentucky